Fertility Evaluation

What is Infertility ?

The term infertility is generally used when a couple fail to conceive after they have tried to have a baby for about a year. Therefore, it is important to discuss treatment with both partners so that they will understand the problems of their infertility. Finding the specific medical reasons that cause infertility is the most important part of the medical evaluation. With the help of preliminary tests, we determine the course of treatment required for the couple. Cause of infertility in 40% cases is due to female and in another 40% cases is the male partner. However in 10% cases, it is due to both the partners.

These are the tests generally required for women:

  1. Blood type, rhesus factor
  2. Infectious screening ( VDRL (syphilis), HIV , Hepatitis B )
  3. FBC (full blood count)
  4. FSH, LH (hormone tests performed between the 1st and 3rd day of the menstrual cycle)
  5. Prolactin and TSH ( thyroid stimulating hormone ) in certain indicated cases.
  6. AMH for ovarian reserve

These are the tests generally required for men:

  1. Semen analysis.
  2. Blood type, rhesus factor
  3. Infectious screening ( VDRL (syphilis), HIV , Hepatitis B )
  4. FBC (full blood count)
  5. FSH , LH , Estradiol , Prolactin , TSH , Testeterone ( case of zero sperm -azoospermia)